Dr. Ludwig Jaskolla

Handbuch der analytischen Theologie

Thomas Schärtl, Ludwig Jaskolla, Georg Gasser
Handbuch der analytischen Theologie

Das Projekt einer analytischen Theologie versucht die Methoden und Ergebnisse der analytischen Philosophie und Religionsphilosophie für theologische Fragestellungen fruchtbar zu machen. Mit dem vorliegenden Buch sind die aktuellen Debatten der analytischen Theologie und Religionsphilosophie erstmals in kompakter Form, klarer Darstellung und aktueller Aufarbeitung des Sachstands in deutscher Sprache zugänglich. Ausgewiesene Experten/innen konnten für die Sachstandsdarstellung einschlägiger Themen gewonnen werden. Im breiten Themenspektrum des Buches werden nicht nur Fragen der Methodologie oder das Vernunft-Glaube-Verhältnis bzw. die Frage der Rationalität des Gottesglaubens erörtert, sondern es wird auch der Ertrag analytisch-theologischen Vorgehens in Hinsicht auf materialdogmatische Themen (Trinität, Inkarnation, Erlösung etc.) bilanziert. Gleichzeitig versteht sich das vorliegende Buch als Einladung zum Dialog und Diskurs; aus diesem Grund waren theologische Experten/innen, die sich in der Theologie dezidiert auf andere philosophische Grundlagen berufen, eingeladen, auf die einzelnen Sachstandskapitel kritisch-konstruktiv zu replizieren. Das vorliegende Buch dient daher nicht nur der soliden Grundlageninformation über das Projekt einer analytischen Theologie, sondern zeigt bereits an, wo und wie die analytische Methodik produktiv in die Theologie hineinwirken kann.

850 Seiten, Aschendorff-Verlag

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Real Fourdimensionalism: An Essay in the Ontology of Persistence and Mind

Ludwig Jaskolla
Real Fourdimensionalism: An Essay in the Ontology of Persistence and Mind

This book explores persistence, taking human beings as an example case. It investigates how concrete particulars stay the same during their temporal carriers while changing significantly. Themes of relativity, structural realism, 4-dimensional ontologies and different strains of panpsychism are amongst those addressed in this work.

Beginning with an exploration of the puzzle of persistence, early chapters look at philosophers’ perspectives and models of persistence. Competitors in the debate are introduced, from classical 3-dimensionalism to two flavors of 4-dimensionalism, namely worm theory and stage theory. The second part of the book explores the various challenges to 4-dimensionalism and develops a positive taxonomy of those questions that the reasonable proponent of 4-dimensionlism needs to answer.

In the third part of the book readers may explore an ontology at the interface of analytic metaphysics and philosophy of mind, called Real Fourdimensionalism, or more specifically: Physicalistic Stage-Panexperientialism (PSP). This is a version of panexperiential stage theory and its alleged model of persistence-as-deciding answers the questions of the taxonomy.

This book makes a substantial contribution to debates concerning the status, extent and viability of both stage theoretic models of persistence as well as non-reductive, naturalistic models of persistence. It will be of interest to graduates and scholars involved in analytic metaphysics, as well as the philosophy of mind, especially those specializing in questions of persistence and the ontology of the mind.

257 pages, Springer

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Panpsychism. Contemporary Perspectives

Godehard Brüntrup, Ludwig Jaskolla
Panpsychism. Contemporary Perspectives

Oxford University Press 2016. 414 Seiten

ISBN 978-0199359943

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Recent debates in philosophy of mind seemingly have resulted in an impasse. Reductive physicalism cannot account for the phenomenal mind, and nonreductive physicalism cannot safeguard a causal role for the mental as mental. Dualism was formerly considered to be the only viable alternative, but in addition to exacerbating the problem of mental causation, it is hard to square with a naturalist evolutionary framework.

By 1979, Thomas Nagel argued that if reductionism and dualism fail, and a non-reductionist form of strong emergence cannot be made intelligible, then panpsychism-the thesis that mental being is a fundamental and ubiquitous feature of the universe-might be a viable alternative. But it was not until David Chalmers' The Conscious Mind in 1996 that debates on panpsychism entered the philosophical mainstream. Since then the field has been growing rapidly, and some leading philosophers of mind as well as scientist have argued in favor of panpsychism.

This book features contemporary arguments for panpsychism as a genuine alternative in analytic philosophy of mind in the 21st century. Different varieties of panpsychism are represented and systematically related to each other in the volume's 16 essays, which feature not only proponents of panpsychism but also prominent critics from both the physicalist and non-physicalist camps.

Contributors: Godehard Brüntrup (Munich School of Philosophy), Ludwig Jaskolla (Munich School of Philosophy, David Chalmers (New York University), Galen Strawson (University of Texas at Austin), Yujin Nagasawa (University of Birmingham), Khai Wager (University of Birmingham), Berit Brogaard (University of Miami), Gregg Rosenberg, Barbara Gail Montero (City University of New York), William Seager (University of Toronto Scarborough), Sam Coleman (University of Hertfordshire), Philip Goff (Central European University), Brian McLaughlin (Rutgers University), Achim Stephan (Universität Osnabrück), Leopold Stubenberg (University of Notre Dame), Charles Taliaferro (St. Olaf College), Uwe Meixner (Universität Augsburg)